This article looks at how and when we use the past perfect tense. To form the past perfect we use HAD and the PAST PARTICIPLE.
We use it to describe something that started in the past and happened before another time (also in the past).
For example, ‘They had never been to Italy before. They went for the first time last year.’
How do we form the past perfect?
Continue reading Past Perfect Tense: Learn English Grammar
Car and Driving Idioms 2
This post is the second post about car and driving idioms. It is written for higher level students. There is a vocabulary check at the end.
Hitchhike or thumb a ride = to stick out your thumb to passing motorists* because you want them to stop to give you a lift* somewhere.
Continue reading Car and Driving Idioms: Part 2 Upper Intermediate
For, since, ago
For, since, ago can be confusing for many learners of English. This article looks at when we use them.
We use since to talk about a time in the past when we started doing something or something started happening.
We use the present perfect or present perfect continuous to show something that started in the past but is still happening or important to the present.
Since + a point of time in the past
I have been living in England since 2008.
I have lived in this house since May.
Continue reading FOR, SINCE, AGO: Learn English Grammar
Car and Driving Idioms
This post is the first of two posts about car and driving idioms. It is aimed at higher level students (At the end is a vocabulary check)
Hit the road = start a journey or leave a place
‘We should really hit the road if we want to get home before dark!’
Continue reading Car and driving idioms: part one
Future tense with will
There are several ways of talking about the future in English. In many situations we use the present tenses: present simple and present continuous. This post looks at how we use the future tense with will.
At the end, for more advanced learners, we also look at future perfect tenses.
Also, practice your listening skills by listening to a music video with lyrics (link below)
WILL + negative
I will not I won’t
You will not you won’t
He/she/it will not he/she/it won’t
They/we will not They/we won’t
We use will to say what we think is going to happen (predictions).
Continue reading Future Tense with Will: Learn English Grammar
Present tense for the future
There are several ways of talking about the future in English. One way is to use ‘will’. However, this article shows how we use the present tense for the future. First we shall look at how we form the present tenses.
The present tenses in English are the present continuous:
I am doing
You are doing
He/she/it is doing
We/they/you are doing
And the present simple:
We use the present continuous for things we have decided to do in the future and for things we have arranged to do in the future. Continue reading Present tense for the future: Learn English Grammar
Questions with do
In this article we look at two ways of asking questions with do. They are sometimes called ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ questions. We use the present tense when using the auxiliary verb ‘do’. We can use do to ask questions about the present and the past. However, the main verb in the sentence is always in the present tense except when using ‘did’ as a question tag. See below:
Examples of using ‘do’
The first puts ‘do’ at the beginning of the sentence, for example:
Do you like sports?
and the second put ‘do’ at the end of the sentence, for example:
You like sports, don’t you?
Did you like the film? (‘like’ is in the present tense here)
You liked the film, didn’t you? (‘like is in the past tense here)
Forming questions with do in the present:
Do/does + subject + infinitive
Do I want to go for a walk?
Do you like pizza?
Does she swim much?
Does your car go fast?
Do they play tennis?
Continue reading Questions with DO: Learn English Grammar
This post talks about using make. There are lots of expressions that we use to show things we can make. Here are some of the most common ones. Can you make time to make some notes on these?
Make dinner/breakfast/lunch/tea/coffee = prepare a meal or a hot drink
‘Are you hungry? Shall we make dinner now?’
Make arrangements (often with for or to) = to plan something
‘Tom and Tina are making arrangements for their wedding. They’re getting married next June.’
Continue reading Using make. Learn English vocabulary
There are lots of idioms and slang expressions about monkeys. Unfortunately most have negative meanings. Perhaps the monkey is not a very popular animal! All of the expressions are informal. The idioms with ‘slang’ next to them are very informal and usually only used with close friends.
Monkey around (This is used as a phrasal verb)
= to be silly & waste time.
‘Stop monkeying around we need to finish cleaning the house in time for the party.’
‘Every time he goes to the toy shop he monkeys around, playing with all the toys and riding the scooters. And his children are just as bad!’
Continue reading Monkey idioms
Idioms are a part of everyday language: Here are 14 cat idioms and sayings!
Fight like cat and dog
= Argue aggressively
‘The two brothers fought like cat and dog when they were small. Now they are the best of friends.’
Grinning like a Cheshire cat
= Smiling a really wide smile like the Cheshire cat from the book Alice in Wonderland.
‘Have you had some good news. You’re grinning like a Cheshire cat!’
Continue reading 14 Cat Idioms & sayings: Intermediate-advanced level