It and there
The sentences below use the pronouns SHE/HE/THEY. However, we often use it and there as pronouns. This post looks at the different uses of it and there.
My mother lives in Spain now because SHE is retired and she wanted to live in a hot country.
My dog is ten this year. HE was born on Christmas day.
My children are taking me to my favourite Italian restaurant today and THEY have booked a table for 8 o’clock.
In English, a clause usually needs a subject or a pronoun instead of the subject. The only time we do not use a pronoun or noun or it and there is when we use the ‘imperative’, for example;
Turn up the heating please.
Tell me. I need to know!
If we have no other subject, we use it or there.
THERE IS/THERE ARE
Numbers or quantities
There was not enough food at the party.
There were thousands of people at the festival.
Introducing a new topic
There is a problem with the engine.
There is a new film on at the cinema. Do you want to go and see it?
There are a lot of dark clouds in the sky so we should probably go for a picnic tomorrow.
Saying where something is
There is a petrol station in New Street.
There won’t be anyone at home at this time of the day so we should call later.
I wonder if there is a place to stay in this village.
With expressions of quantity and ‘to + infinitive’
There is lots to see and do in London.
There wasn’t much to see on holiday so we stayed on the beach all day.
There was nothing to watch on television last night so we played board games all evening. It was great fun.
There are a lot of pictures to see in the exhibition.
There is a lot of work for us to do today so we should started.
With expressions of quantity and ‘verb + ing’
There were thousands of people singing and dancing at the concert.
There were a lot of people sunbathing in the park today at lunchtime.
There won’t be many children going to school today. Most of the schools have shut because of the snow.
There is someone waiting to see you.
To show the subject of the ‘to + infinitive’ we use ‘for’.
There was nothing for us to do at work today.
There wasn’t anything for us to eat.
There weren’t any games for the children to play in our holiday cottage.
There were lots of things for the children to do outside though. There was a tennis court, a swimming pool and the beach.
Talking about the weather
It’s really cold today, isn’t it?
It will be a lovely day tomorrow. Do you fancy going to the beach.
It’s going to rain all day on Tuesday.
Talking about dates and times
It’s my birthday on Saturday.
I can’t believe it’s Christmas Day next week. This year has gone so quickly.
It’s almost spring.
It’s five o’clock.
Talking about people
(on phone) Hi, Jo, it’s Mary. How are you?
See that man over there? I think it’s Tom Cruise. I’m sure it is!
Giving an opinion
It’s hot in here. Shall I open a window?
It’s so cosy in your house. I love the big, comfortable armchairs.
Giving an opinion + ‘to + verb’
It’s a pleasure to meet you and your wife.
It’s not always easy to make new friends if you are shy.
It will be good to get home because we’ve been travelling for hours!
Giving an opinion + ‘verb + ing’
It was lovely meeting you today and I hope to see you again soon.
It is great having dog because I have to exercise every day.
It will be difficult driving in France because I’ve never driven on the other side of the road before.
Thank you for reading this post on it and there. Why not try: