Questions with DO: Learn English Grammar

Questions with do

In this article we look at two ways of asking questions with do.  They are sometimes called ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ questions.   We use the present tense when using the auxiliary verb ‘do’.  We can use do to ask questions about the present and the past.  However, the main verb in the sentence is always in the present tense except when using ‘did’ as a question tag. See below:

Examples of using ‘do’

Present tense

The first puts ‘do’ at the beginning of the sentence, for example:

Do you like sports?

and the second put ‘do’ at the end of the sentence, for example:

You like sports, don’t you?

Past tense

Did you like the film? (‘like’ is in the present tense here)

You liked the film, didn’t you? (‘like is in the past tense here)

 

Forming questions with do in the present:

Do/does     +   subject  +  infinitive

Do                   I                    want               to go for a walk?

Do                   you               like                  pizza?

Does               she               swim               much?

Does               your car        go                   fast?

Do                   they              play                 tennis?

We answer with: 

Yes, I do,

you do,

she/he/it does,

we do, they do OR

No, I do not (I don’t)

You do not (you don’t)

He/she/it does not (he/she/it doesn’t)

We/they do not (we/they don’t)

EXAMPLES

Question:  Do you drive a car to work everyday?

Answer:   Yes, I do       or

                 No, I don’t

                 Not:  Yes, I drive

Question: Does she live in Italy?

Answer:  Yes, she does  or

                 No, she doesn’t

                 Not:  ‘Yes, she likes’     or

                 ‘No, she no likes’ or

                 ‘No, she doesn’t likes’

Question: Does the radio work properly now or is it still   broken?

Answer:   Yes, it does    or

                 No, it doesn’t

                 Not  ‘Yes, it works’  or

                ‘No, it not work’  or

                ‘No, it doesn’t works’

The second way of asking questions with do is to use question tags. We use question tags when we think we know what the answer is.

You work in London, don’t you? Do you also live in London?

They have a holiday home in France, don’t they?

We last went to India in 1998, didn’t we?

Questions tags have a positive and a negative verb.

positive                        negative

You work in London, don’t you?

They play tennis every week, don’t they?

The train leaves at nine, doesn’t it?

negative                                        positive

You don’t take sugar in your tea, do you?

Peter doesn’t drive, does he?

That clock doesn’t work, does it?

 

Forming questions with do in the past:

Did     +   subject  +  infinitive (The same auxiliary verb ‘did’ is used for everyone)

Did                   I/you/they                    want               to go for a walk?

she/he/it

Did                  your car        go                   fast?

Question:  Did you drive a car to work everyday?

Answer:   Yes, I did       or

                 No, I didn’t

                 Not:  Yes, I drove

Question: Did she live in Italy?

Answer:  Yes, she did  or

                 No, she didn’t

Remember, question tags have a positive and a negative verb.    
positive                                negative

You worked in London, didn’t you?

We stayed in that big hotel by the sea, didn’t we?

The kids loved swimming in the sea, didn’t they?

negative                                        positive

You didn’t work in London, did you?

Peter didn’t drive, did he?

That clock didn’t work, did it?

 

           

 

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