Learn English vocabulary: Spring is in the air!

What does spring mean to you?                                                                IMG_1405


Spring is in the air! But what does that mean?



In the UK spring starts in March and continues through April and May. 

There is an expression that says

‘March comes in like a lion and goes out like a lamb’.

 (words with * are explained at the end)

March usually brings winds and the weather is still cold from January and February.  However, by the end of March we see the world changing.  The strong winds change into a breeze*.  The first flowers start to bloom*.  We see snowdrops then crocuses, daffodils and tulips.  They bloom into a rainbow of colours in gardens and by the roadside. The trees begin to bud* and blossom* grows on the branches as nature awakens* from its winter sleep.

April brings warmer weather, blue sky and rain known as ‘April showers’.  The rain showers are heavy but do not last long.  However, it is not always sunny. One day the sun might shine and the next day might bring frost*.


In spring many birds return to Britain. They migrated* to somewhere warmer for the winter.  I always think that spring is here when I can hear birdsong at dawn*.  They are mating* and building a nest* for their eggs.  In a week or two the chicks* will hatch* from the eggs. When the chicks are ready to leave the nest they must learn to fly.  The chicks are not chicks now but ‘fledglings’*. In the fields baby animals such as lambs* and calves* are born. 

At home we plant* flowers in the garden to give colour throughout the summer months.  We can mow the lawn* now the grass is not too wet.  Many people ‘spring clean’.  To clean the house completely in every room and every cupboard is sometimes called a ‘spring clean’.


 Breeze (noun): a very soft wind.

‘A gentle breeze blew through the leaves on the trees.’


Bloom (verb): when a flower opens up.

‘The roses have bloomed early this year’.


Bud (noun): the small part of a plant that grows into a flower or a leaf on a tree.

‘It must be spring, the trees are in bud, look!’.


Bud (verb): when the buds start to grow on a plant or tree.

‘The warm winter means the trees are budding early this winter’.


Blossom (noun): this is the flower on a tree or plant that grows before the fruit of that plant grows.

‘Look at the beautiful blossom on that tree’.


Blossom (verb): when the flower starts to grow.

‘Spring is late this year.  The trees aren’t even blossoming yet and it’s nearly May’.

 Blossom is also sometimes used to talk about a young girl.

‘She’s blossoming into a lovely young woman’.


Awaken (verb): to wake up.


Dawn (noun): when the sun begins to rise in the morning.


Mate (verb): a male and a female of a species ‘mate’ to produce babies.


Nest (noun, plural – nests): birds make a nest from bits of trees and plants to put their eggs in until the eggs hatch.


Chick (noun, plural – chicks): baby bird.


Hatch (verb): when a baby bird breaks out of the egg.


Fledgling (noun, plural – fledglings): a baby bird that is trying to learn to fly.


Lamb (noun, plural – lambs): a baby sheep.


Calf (noun, plural – calves): a baby cow.


Plant (verb): to put flowers or plants in the earth to grow.


Mow the lawn (verb and noun): to cut the grass in the garden.

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