Tag Archives: grammar

FOR, SINCE, AGO: Learn English Grammar

For, since, ago

For, since, ago can be confusing for many learners of English. This article looks at when we use them.

We use since to talk about a time in the past when we started doing something or something started happening.

We use the present perfect or present perfect continuous to show something that started in the past but is still happening or important to the present.

Since + a point of time in the past

I have been living in England since 2008.

I have lived in this house since May.

Continue reading FOR, SINCE, AGO: Learn English Grammar

Future Tense with Will: Learn English Grammar

Future tense with will

There are several ways of talking about the future in English.  In many situations we use the present tenses: present simple and present continuous. This post looks at how we use the future tense with will.

At the end, for more advanced learners, we also look at future perfect tenses.

Also, practice your listening skills by listening to a music video with lyrics (link below)

WILL

I will

You will

He/she/it will

We/they/you will

 

WILL + negative

I will not                         I won’t

You will not                   you won’t

He/she/it will not         he/she/it won’t

They/we will not           They/we won’t

We use will to say what we think is going to happen (predictions).

Continue reading Future Tense with Will: Learn English Grammar

Present tense for the future: Learn English Grammar

 Present tense for the future

There are several ways of talking about the future in English.   One way is to use ‘will’.  However, this article shows how we use the present tense for the future.  First we shall look at how we form the present tenses.

The present tenses in English are the present continuous:

I am doing

You are doing

He/she/it is doing

We/they/you are doing

 

And the present simple:

I work

You work

He/she/it works

We/you/they work

Present continuous

We use the present continuous for things we have decided to do in the future and for things we have arranged to do in the future. Continue reading Present tense for the future: Learn English Grammar

Questions with DO: Learn English Grammar

Questions with do

In this article we look at two ways of asking questions with do.  They are sometimes called ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ questions.   We use the present tense when using the auxiliary verb ‘do’.  We can use do to ask questions about the present and the past.  However, the main verb in the sentence is always in the present tense except when using ‘did’ as a question tag. See below:

Examples of using ‘do’

Present tense

The first puts ‘do’ at the beginning of the sentence, for example:

Do you like sports?

and the second put ‘do’ at the end of the sentence, for example:

You like sports, don’t you?

Past tense

Did you like the film? (‘like’ is in the present tense here)

You liked the film, didn’t you? (‘like is in the past tense here)

 

Forming questions with do in the present:

Do/does     +   subject  +  infinitive

Do                   I                    want               to go for a walk?

Do                   you               like                  pizza?

Does               she               swim               much?

Does               your car        go                   fast?

Do                   they              play                 tennis?

Continue reading Questions with DO: Learn English Grammar

Learn English Grammar: Present Perfect

How do we form the present perfect?

When do we use the present perfect?

What are the common mistakes?

 

The present perfect is the verb ‘have’

and the past participle, for example:

 

Subject       has/have     past participle

I                       have               worked

You                 have                worked

He/she/it         has                  worked

We/they          have                worked

 

Some examples of regular verbs:

  Continue reading Learn English Grammar: Present Perfect

Learn English Grammar: The past continuous

What is the past continuous?

When is the past continuous used?

At the end are 5 advanced-level uses of the past continuous for more confident learners.

 The past continuous uses the past of the verb ‘be’ and the infinitive + ‘ing’

 Subject         was/were     infinitive + ‘ing’  

I                       was                 playing           tennis

You                 were                playing           tennis

He/she/it         was                 playing           tennis

We/they         were                playing           tennis

  Continue reading Learn English Grammar: The past continuous

Learn English grammar: The past simple

 

This article looks at the past simple. We use the past simple to talk about actions that have finished.

What does the past simple look like?
When do we use the past simple?

 

When I was twelve my family moved to a new house.

 This sentence contains two past simple tense verbs.

 Was – the past of the verb ‘to be’. This is an irregular verb. It does not follow rules.

Moved – the past of the verb ‘to move’. This is a regular verb. It follows the same rules as other regular verbs.

  Continue reading Learn English grammar: The past simple