Tag Archives: grammar

Learn English Grammar: Phrasal verbs with ‘get’

Phrasal verbs with GET

 This post looks at some of the most common phrasal verbs with ‘get’.   A phrasal verb is a phrase that contains a verb + preposition or adverb or preposition and adverb.

Phrasal verbs are used a lot in English and therefore they can be very difficult for learners.  Many phrasal verbs usually have a formal equivalent, for example:

After the thief got off the bus he ran towards the town centre.

After the thief alighted from the bus he ran towards the town centre. (formal use)

Phrasal verbs are also difficult for learners because many have more than one meaning.

Finally, you can test yourself at the end of the article with the ‘phrasal verbs with get’ quick quiz.

 

Get across to make something understood

‘I have been trying to get across to our manager that many of the staff are very unhappy. He just doesn’t want to listen!’

Continue reading Learn English Grammar: Phrasal verbs with ‘get’

Conditionals: Learn English Grammar

Conditionals

This post looks at ‘conditional’ sentences in English.  Conditionals talk about the possibility of something happening as the result of something else.

There are four types of conditionals (sometimes called ‘if’ clauses) in English.   Each conditional has an ‘if’ clause and another clause. The first two types of conditionals talk about real possibilities whilst the second two types talk about unreal possibilities.

Zero Conditionals

This talks about general truths, facts and habits.  It is used for real situations. The present simple is used in both clauses.

If (present simple)   +       present simple

Examples:

If you heat ice,                   it melts.

If I run for too long,          my knee hurts. Continue reading Conditionals: Learn English Grammar

The Gerund: Learn English Grammar

The Gerund

This post looks at some of the most common verbs followed by a gerund.  A gerund is a verb that is changed into a noun and is formed, verb + ing.  We often use the gerund after verbs that express like or dislike of something.

Verbs of liking and disliking

Like                  I like playing tennis.

Dislike             I dislike eating artichokes.

Fancy               I fancy eating out tonight because I’m too tired to cook.

Enjoy               I enjoy watching films with my children.

Love                 I love singing in the shower but only if there is no one else at home!

Hate                I hate being late.

Detest              I detest seeing people being rude.

Continue reading The Gerund: Learn English Grammar

Comparatives and Superlatives: Learn English Grammar

Comparatives and Superlatives

In this blog post we look at how to use comparatives and superlatives to describe things and people.

Look at the following sentences:

Comparatives:

Who do you think is funnier? Pete or Sally?

I found the first book much more interesting than the second.

John is friendly but I think Jane is friendlier.

Houses in London are more expensive than anywhere else in the UK.

Superlatives:

 Julie is the oldest student in her class.

We think he is the funniest comedian we have ever seen.

Who made the most delicious cake?

Houses in London are the most expensive in the UK.

Continue reading Comparatives and Superlatives: Learn English Grammar

Past Perfect Tense: Learn English Grammar

Past Perfect

This article looks at how and when we use the past perfect tense. To form the past perfect we use HAD and the PAST PARTICIPLE.

We use it to describe something that started in the past and happened before another time (also in the past).

For example, ‘They had never been to Italy before. They went for the first time last year.’

How do we form the past perfect?

Continue reading Past Perfect Tense: Learn English Grammar

FOR, SINCE, AGO: Learn English Grammar

For, since, ago

For, since, ago can be confusing for many learners of English. This article looks at when we use them.

We use since to talk about a time in the past when we started doing something or something started happening.

We use the present perfect or present perfect continuous to show something that started in the past but is still happening or important to the present.

Since + a point of time in the past

I have been living in England since 2008.

I have lived in this house since May.

Continue reading FOR, SINCE, AGO: Learn English Grammar

Future Tense with Will: Learn English Grammar

Future tense with will

There are several ways of talking about the future in English.  In many situations we use the present tenses: present simple and present continuous. This post looks at how we use the future tense with will.

At the end, for more advanced learners, we also look at future perfect tenses.

Also, practice your listening skills by listening to a music video with lyrics (link below)

WILL

I will

You will

He/she/it will

We/they/you will

 

WILL + negative

I will not                         I won’t

You will not                   you won’t

He/she/it will not         he/she/it won’t

They/we will not           They/we won’t

We use will to say what we think is going to happen (predictions).

Continue reading Future Tense with Will: Learn English Grammar

Present tense for the future: Learn English Grammar

 Present tense for the future

There are several ways of talking about the future in English.   One way is to use ‘will’.  However, this article shows how we use the present tense for the future.  First we shall look at how we form the present tenses.

The present tenses in English are the present continuous:

I am doing

You are doing

He/she/it is doing

We/they/you are doing

 

And the present simple:

I work

You work

He/she/it works

We/you/they work

Present continuous

We use the present continuous for things we have decided to do in the future and for things we have arranged to do in the future. Continue reading Present tense for the future: Learn English Grammar

Questions with DO: Learn English Grammar

Questions with do

In this article we look at two ways of asking questions with do.  They are sometimes called ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ questions.   We use the present tense when using the auxiliary verb ‘do’.  We can use do to ask questions about the present and the past.  However, the main verb in the sentence is always in the present tense except when using ‘did’ as a question tag. See below:

Examples of using ‘do’

Present tense

The first puts ‘do’ at the beginning of the sentence, for example:

Do you like sports?

and the second put ‘do’ at the end of the sentence, for example:

You like sports, don’t you?

Past tense

Did you like the film? (‘like’ is in the present tense here)

You liked the film, didn’t you? (‘like is in the past tense here)

 

Forming questions with do in the present:

Do/does     +   subject  +  infinitive

Do                   I                    want               to go for a walk?

Do                   you               like                  pizza?

Does               she               swim               much?

Does               your car        go                   fast?

Do                   they              play                 tennis?

Continue reading Questions with DO: Learn English Grammar

Learn English Grammar: Present Perfect

This post looks at the present perfect and when to use it. We ask the questions:

How do we form the present perfect?

The present perfect is the verb ‘have’

and the past participle, for example:

 

Subject       has/have     past participle

I                       have               worked

You                 have                worked

He/she/it         has                  worked

We/they          have                worked

 

Some examples of regular verbs:

  Continue reading Learn English Grammar: Present Perfect